Josephine V. Yam

AI Lawyer & AI Ethicist.
Equity, Diversity & Inclusion Specialist.
Climate Change Advocate.


How to Create an Equal Gender Boardroom

As we celebrate International Women’s Day (IWD) 2020 with its #EachForEqual campaign, it is discouraging to realize that progress on gender equality on boards has been painfully slow. What actions can we take to move the needle faster on gender equal boardrooms?

How Volunteering Builds Workplace Empathy

Empathy is necessary for an inclusive workplace culture. How do you build empathy? By supporting employee volunteering. Learn why there’s a direct correlation between volunteering and workplace empathy.

How to Stop Women from Leaving Your Workplace

According to HR leaders, women are leaving their workplaces because of family demands. But women give a different reason for why they leave. What should workplaces do to stop them from leaving?

Why Employee Covering Destroys a Culture of Inclusion

When employees cover at work, they downplay their uniqueness. They feel they don’t belong. When a company helps its employees express their authentic selves, they focus their attention on work, rather than hiding parts of themselves. A company’s uncovering efforts create a strong culture of inclusion.

Is Diversity Training Enough?

Companies around the world require their employees to take diversity training. Unfortunately, many employees resent being “coerced” into taking such training. Ironically, instead of reducing bias, diversity training has activated their bias against under-represented groups like women and people of colour.

3 Ways Diversity Increases Board Engagement

A nonprofit board is the collective brain trust of every nonprofit. It should be comprised of individuals who bring the whole spectrum of perspectives of the beneficiaries that the nonprofit serves. Otherwise, how will board decisions respond to the needs of beneficiaries if their voices are absent in the board room?

Appointing AI to the Board

Talk about taking board diversity to a whole new level. Imagine appointing an artificial intelligence (AI) machine to your organization's board of directors. Seems like an episode from Netflix’s Black Mirror, right? Yes. Except that it’s not.

Putting Diversity In Action

According to McKinsey, companies with strong D&I cultures perform better than their competitors. They're better in attracting top talent. Better in customer understanding. Better in employee engagement and retention.

Mission Possible: Companies Achieve Sustainability via Nonprofit Boards

Many large companies are tackling the world's big, hairy and audacious social and economic development goals. These global goals are outlined in the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations as the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They include ending extreme poverty, protecting our planet and eliminating gender inequality.

Creating She-roes: Sponsoring Women Leaders Through Board Service

What does an effective leader look like in your mind? Whether you are male or female, it is likely that you saw a male person in your mind’s eye.As the New York Times reported, “both men and women almost always draw men” when asked to draw an effective leader. What’s going on here?

3 Ways Nonprofit Boards Can Mind The Diversity Gap

Unfortunately, many nonprofit boards still lack diversity in its various forms. This diversity gap is dangerous because boards may succumb to groupthink, a barrier to effective leadership and decision-making. So how do you diversify your board?

Want More Women in Top Management? Engage More Men.

Many companies have gender parity in middle management. But this gender parity disappears because only a few women move up to senior leadership roles. These companies know that it goes against well-documented evidence that more women in senior leadership roles correlates to better corporate performance.

How To Succeed As A Nonprofit Board Director

Serving on a nonprofit board involves a serious commitment of time and talent. To be successful as a board director, you need to know the principles of nonprofit governance, the role of the board, the responsibilities of board directors and how an effective board operates. Join us for this webinar.

Why CEOs Must Prioritize Diversity & Inclusion

Diversity and inclusion has become a CEO-level issue around the world. So what happens when a CEO does not prioritize diversity and inclusion?

Be Curious: How to Be A Successful Nonprofit Board Director

Some nonprofit board directors apparently believe their business experiences alone can "fix a nonprofit’s inefficiencies”. Why? This stems from the erroneous notion that businesses are more efficient than nonprofits.

Why There’s Still a Lack of Board Diversity: Boardsource 2017 Report

BoardSource is the leading organization in the U.S. focused on strengthening and supporting nonprofit board leadership. It tracks and analyzes trends in nonprofit board leadership. Here are highlights of yesterday’s 64-page report, “Leading with Intent: 2017 National Index of Nonprofit Board Practices”.

Wanted: Millennials on Nonprofit Boards

Nonprofit boards should reflect the society that their nonprofits serve. By recruiting millennials to serve on your board, your nonprofit can greatly benefit from the millennials’ unique perspectives and experiences that consequently enrich your board’s strategic decisions in achieving your nonprofit’s mission.

How to Avoid Conflict of Interest In Your Nonprofit Board

Every board director has a fiduciary duty to avoid a conflict of interest. Each board director is required to fulfill her paramount legal duty to “act honestly and in good faith, with a view to the best interests of the organization”.** This legal duty is crucial to good board governance that every nonprofit deserves from its board of directors.

Skills4Good/B3 & CBA: Lawyers On Board Webinar

The Canadian Bar Association (CBA) and Skills4Good/B3 invite you to an accredited Continuing Professional Development (CPD) webinar entitled: Lawyers On Board:
What You Need To Know Before Serving on a Non-Profit Board

Want Leadership Experience? Serve on a Nonprofit Board

Serving on a nonprofit board is not only a meaningful way to give back to the community, it is also a powerful way to build valuable leadership experience. While enhancing their Corporate Social Responsibility and Brand strategies, many large corporations and law firms consider our programs as solidly supporting their HR talent strategy to develop their high-potential employees.

Wanted: Women on Canadian Boards

In Canada, we have so much to celebrate with the world today, International Women's Day 2017. After all, Canadian women have achieved impressive strides in the political, economic, academic, cultural and social domains of our society. In fact, the Canadian government knows that having more women on boards is a strategic competitive advantage for Canada nationally and internationally.

Doing Well By Doing Good: The Business Case for Purpose

The recent Companies & Causes Canada Conference in Toronto showcased how many Canadian corporations are steadfastly doing well by doing good. Both the corporate and nonprofit sectors gathered together to explore how purposeful business-nonprofit collaboration.

Why Board Leadership Matters

Board leadership defines its culture. And if a board’s culture is more focused on creating meaningful social impact over mere compliance, that paves the way for inspired leadership to create a high performing nonprofit.

Three Pointers to Remember When Serving on Nonprofit Boards

3 Pointers to Remember When Serving on Nonprofit Boards

When highly skilled professionals cross the divide from the for-profit world to serve on nonprofit boards, many of them are taken aback. They realize that they have grossly underestimated how tough it is to run a nonprofit organization.

5 Questions to Ask Before You Join a Nonprofit Board

Answering these questions will have a better idea of whether you are ready, willing and able to join a nonprofit board. Serving on a nonprofit board is an experience that can enrich your life as you work with highly skilled and experienced philanthropists committed to make a difference in the world.

3 Features of High-Performing Nonprofit Boards

Nonprofits are a force for good in society. And it is through high-performing boards, together with the Executive Director, that nonprofits can successfully address society’s most complex challenges and positively change the world.

Employer-Supported Volunteering: A Triple Win for a Sustainable World

After a decade from its inception, employer-supported volunteering (ESV) is now widely recognized as a way for Corporate Canada to meaningfully engage in local communities. Businesses believe that ESV strategically enables businesses, their employees and nonprofits to work together to achieve positive societal impacts in the world.

Board Diversity: Why It Really Matters

The diversity gap in nonprofit boards is undoubtedly a wasted opportunity. Why? Because a nonprofit board is the brains behind every nonprofit organization. This team of volunteer leaders wields the authority and influence to drive a nonprofit’s strategic direction, effective performance and social impacts.

The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme: Criteria Evaluations & Lessons Learned

This article won First Prize at the 2014 Canadian Institute of Resources Law (CIRL) Student Natural Resources Law Writing Competition. It evaluates the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)

Climate Change Strategy: The Business Logic Behind Greenhouse Gas: An Article Review

In this review, it will be argued that Hoffman’s paper exploring the reason why corporations pursue voluntary greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction projects, particularly in order to achieve competitive advantage, is a substantive but incomplete piece of research.

Canada Exercises Legal Right to Withdraw from Kyoto Protocol

This article was originally published by the American Bar Association (ABA)'s Energy, Environment and Resources Section.

Clean Development Mechanism: An Effective Market Mechanism for EU ETS Compliance

This article discusses why the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol is integral to the European Union (EU)’s Emission Trading System (ETS), despite the criticisms hurled against it.

The Negative Impacts of a Regulatory Command-and-Control Approach to Greenhouse Gas Reduction in the United States

This article discusses three detrimental impacts on private industry resulting from the U.S. government’s shift to a command‐and‐control approach from a market-based approach in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as the U.S. inescapably enters a carbon-constrained world.

A Case Study on Bombardier: Challenges and Opportunities To Sustainable Mobility

This article shows that Bombardier, a global transportation company, currently faces a plethora of challenges that beset the global aerospace and rail industries.

Cap-and-Trade Scheme as Preferred Carbon Price Policy for Canada

This article discusses why a cap-and-trade scheme, rather than a carbon tax, is the preferred carbon price policy for Canada.

Singapore Manages Traffic Congestion through its Vehicle Quota System

This article discusses how Singapore has managed traffic congestion by restricting vehicle ownership through its unique Vehicle Quota System (VQS). The VQS is an innovative road transport policy that contributes to Singapore’s world- class transportation system.

The Varying Effects of Government Policy on the Wind Power Industry: A Comparison between the United States and China

This article discusses the major renewable energy policies of the United States and China and compare how effective they have been in developing the wind power industries in these jurisdictions.

A Comparative Analysis of Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol and U.S. Corn Ethanol Using the Sustainability Framework

This article aims to provide a comparative analysis of Brazilian sugarcane ethanol and U.S. corn ethanol using the three fundamental dimensions of the sustainability development framework, namely, environmental, social and economic sustainability

Thermal Recycling of Plastic Solid Waste: Advantages and Disadvantages

This article discusses the thermal recycling of plastic solid waste (PSW) as an environmentally sustainable method for the disposal of PSW, including the advantages and disadvantages that it presents.

Challenges Facing the Commercial Implementation of Algae as Biofuel Feedstock

This article discusses some of the challenges that beset the commercial implementation of algae as a biofuel feedstock.

Effective Government Policies Drive Wind Power Development in China

This article discusses how China’s renewable energy policies have been very effective in creating a very robust wind power industry. Because the Chinese government has taken a central role in stimulating the country’s development of wind power, China is now a world leader in the global wind power industry.

Employer-Supported Volunteering: A Triple Win for a Sustainable World

Wave Energy Industry: The Role of Government in Accelerating its Development

This article discusses the crucial role that government plays in accelerating the development of wave energy as part of its clean energy portfolio strategy towards a low-carbon economy.

Concentrated Solar Power: Opportunities and Obstacles in a Low-Carbon Economy

This article discusses the opportunities and obstacles that beset concentrated solar power in this low-carbon economy.