Josephine V. Yam

AI Lawyer & AI Ethicist.
Equity, Diversity & Inclusion Specialist.
Climate Change Advocate.

AI Law & AI Ethics

AI is humanity’s Fourth Industrial Revolution. Canada, one of the global AI leaders, has witnessed the rapid acceleration of the digital transformation of its economy caused by the pandemic.

As an AI Lawyer and AI Ethicist, I leverage this dual expertise by helping companies deploy AI and Big Data for Good through Skills4Good’s Upskilling Talent and AI & Data Audits programs. I advocate for human rights-by-design to algorithmic accountability.

Western Michigan University conference presentation on COVID & AI Technology

Josephine was a presenter at the 10th Annual Western Michigan University Medical Humanities Conference together with Prof. Joshua Skorburg on the topic “Digital Mental Health Responses to COVID-19: Some Anticipatory Ethical Analyses”

University of Duke webinar presentation on COVID, AI and Mental Health

Josephine was a presenter at the Duke University's Kenan Institute For Ethics MadLab together with Prof. Joshua Skorburg on the topic “COVID, AI ethics & Mental Health”

Hiring Algorithims: How to Close AI Accountability Gap

Master of Arts Philosophy (AI Ethics Specialization) Major Research Paper, "Righting Algorithmic Wrongs: Using Human Rights Impact Assessments On Hiring Algorithms to Close Accountability Gap" - This paper examines how companies that use hiring algorithms for talent recruitment can be made accountable to close the algorithimic accountability gap. If this gap is not closed, hiring algorithms can discriminate and violate human rights. This paper recommends that companies conduct a Human Rights Impact Assessment to ensure that their powerful hiring algorithms safeguard human rights, not abuse them.

GPT-3 and Human Consciousness

This paper addresses whether the GPT-3, which is the most advanced AI language model that produces human-like text, is phenomenally conscious. It argues that even if the GPT-3 passes the Turing Test, it is not phenomenally conscious. It also discusses how machine consciousness brings about significant ethical and legal implications regarding human-machine interaction.

Ethical issues in digital mental health response to COVID-19

This research project "The epidemic within the pandemic: Ethical and legal issues in digital mental health responses to COVID-19" was undertaken with Prof. Joshua Skorburg. It discusses "digital psychiatry", which encompasses smartphone therapy, automated analysis of social media posts and symptom monitoring via smartwatches. It considers the efficacy of digital psychiatry so that ethical and legal implications can be properly assessed.

Medical AI in Suicide Prediction: Closing the Responsibility Gap

This paper addresses whether a responsibility gap exists in medical malpractice law when a doctor uses AI that misdiagnoses a patient resulting in injury. It argues that a responsibility gap exists when the AI becomes part of the medical profession’s standard of care. It recommends how the responsibility gap can be closed so that traditional tort law can be more responsive to medical AI’s transformational benefits.

Why Hospitals Need AI To Help Triage Covid Patients

This article discusses why hospitals need AI to help doctors triage patients and ensure that AI is deployed ethically. Hospitals can ensure that they maximize AI’s benefits while minimizing its risks by using the global ethical AI framework comprised of five core principles: beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice and explicability, given the black box nature of AI.

GPT-3 and Consciousness

This presentation discussed whether the GPT-3 is phenomenally conscious. It explained machine consciousness using the Turing Test, Searle's Chinese Room Argument and Chalmer's Hard Problem of Consciousness.

Ethics of Human Enhancement

This paper discusses the ethical issues that arise when emergent technologies like AI are used to enhance humans. Such enhancements include increasing life spans, retarding the aging process and improving the human mind. It argues that the transhumanistic view on human enhancement does not achieve human flourishing as envisioned by Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.

Mind the AI Responsibility Gap

This presentation discussed whether a responsibility gap exists in medical malpractice law when a doctor uses AI that misdiagnoses a patient resulting in injury.

Appointing AI to the Board

Talk about taking board diversity to a whole new level. Imagine appointing an artificial intelligence (AI) machine to your organization's board of directors. Seems like an episode from Netflix’s Black Mirror, right? Yes. Except that it’s not.

Josephine Victoria Yam featured in the Inquirer: A Lawyer’s Brain, an Entrepreneur’s Heart

Josephine was featured in the Inquirer: A Lawyer’s Brain, an Entrepreneur’s Heart

Josephine Victoria Yam featured in Cosmopolitan Magazine

Josephine was featured in Cosmopolitan Magazine: e-Legal Eagle

Josephine Victoria Yam featured in Newsweek Magazine

Josephine was featured in Newsweek Magazine: Rise of the Asian Woman

Josephine was featured in CNN: eBiz Asia

Josephine was featured in CNBC: Dot Commerce

Josephine Victoria Yam featured in the Inquirer: Lawyer.com

Josephine was featured in the Inquirer: Lawyer.com